Теорія:

To speak about economic growth, you need the appropriate vocabulary.
  
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Economic growth - an increase in the economy of a country or an area, especially of the value of goods and services the country or area produces;

Objective - something that you are trying to achieve;

Gross domestic product (GDP) - the total value of goods and services produced by a country in one year;

Capital stock - the total value of the buildings, machines, etc. within a particular economy, or owned by a particular company, which are used to produce goods and services;

Emergency - a serious or dangerous situation that needs immediate action;

Marginal - small and not important;

Unequivocal - clear and certain;

Disruption - the interruption of something and stop it continuing as it should;

Pathogen - any small organism, such as a virus or a bacterium that can cause disease;

Market access - when you have the right or opportunity to use, see, enter the market;

Consequence - the result of an action or situation, especially a bad result.
 
Examples:

The standard measures of growth are Gross Domestic Product or GDP, capacity utilization, and 'standard of living'.

Among other things, these effects include pollution, the disruption of traditional living patterns and cultures, the spread of pathogens, wars over resources or market access, and the creation of underclasses.

These are reduced or unavailable if the GDP per capita is too low, so that most people are living a marginal existence.
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